The annual Medicare Open Enrollment period is right around the corner. Running from October 15th through December 7th each year, this is the time when you can make important changes to your Medicare coverage for the upcoming year.
With an abundance of Medicare plans, rules, and options to consider, open enrollment can be a confusing time for many retirees. Proper planning and an understanding of how to navigate your choices is key to making the most of this opportunity and avoiding costly mistakes.
In this complete guide, we’ll explore all the important factors to consider when evaluating your Medicare coverage options.
Making the most of your open enrollment opportunity sets you up for the best possible Medicare coverage. Keep these tips in mind:
- Carefully review any changes to your existing Medicare plans using the Annual Notice of Change.
- Verify your preferred doctors and prescriptions will still be covered before reenrolling in the same plan.
- Avoid scams by never providing your Medicare number or personal details to unsolicited agents.
- Match your Medicare Advantage and Part D plan choices to your specific health needs and medications.
- Compare plans beyond just premiums. Look at deductibles, copays for services you use, and maximum out-of-pocket costs.
- Focus on high quality plans with 4-5 star ratings from Medicare.
- Take advantage of resources like SHIP and Medicare.gov’s Plan Finder to analyze your options.
- Plan ahead for healthcare costs in retirement and work with fee-only advisors.
What is Medicare Open Enrollment?
Medicare Open Enrollment represents an important once-a-year opportunity for retirees. This is the period when you can freely make changes to your Medicare Advantage and Part D prescription drug plans for the coming year.
Outside of open enrollment, your ability to switch plans is severely restricted. So it's vital that you take time to understand your coverage options and choose the plan that will best serve your health needs and budget in the year ahead.
The decisions you make during open enrollment will impact your healthcare and finances throughout retirement. With some careful research and planning, you can set yourself up for the best possible Medicare experience in the coming year.
1. Understanding Open Enrollment Rules
There are a few key types of changes you are allowed to make during open enrollment:
- Switching between original Medicare and Medicare Advantage: You can decide to leave a Medicare Advantage plan and return to original Medicare with supplemental coverage. Or you can go the other direction and join a Medicare Advantage plan if you currently have original Medicare.
- Changing your Medicare Advantage plan: If you're already in a Medicare Advantage plan, you can switch to a different Medicare Advantage plan. This allows you to find a plan that better suits your needs or provides more affordable coverage.
- Joining or switching to a different Medicare prescription drug plan: Whether you have original Medicare or Medicare Advantage, you can freely join or change to a different standalone Part D prescription drug plan that provides the drug coverage you want at a price you're comfortable with.
It's important to understand these rules because outside of open enrollment, your ability to make changes is very limited. For example, if you're in original Medicare, you can only join a Medicare Advantage plan outside of open enrollment during certain special circumstances like if you move or lose other coverage.
The open enrollment period gives you free rein to re-evaluate and make the Medicare coverage changes that suit your current health and financial needs. So be sure to take full advantage of this opportunity.
2. Assess Changes in Your Existing Plan
One important step is to check for any updates to the plans you're currently enrolled in for the new plan year.
Every fall, your existing Medicare Advantage and Part D prescription drug plans are legally required to send enrollees a document called the “Annual Notice of Change” (ANOC). This notice summarizes any changes to your plan’s costs, coverage, and benefits that will take effect in January 2023.
Some key things to look for:
- Are there any increases in your monthly premiums or deductibles?
- Are any of your frequent medications being removed from your plan's formulary?
- Does your current network of doctors and hospitals remain the same?
- Are there any reductions in benefits you use often, like dental or vision coverage?
If you notice significant cost increases or losses of benefits, it may be a good time to start looking at other plan options through Medicare.gov that may better fit your needs and budget.
3. Beware of Medicare Scams
It's unfortunate, but each year fraudsters take advantage of older adults during open enrollment by marketing fake Medicare plans or trying to steal personal information.
Here are some tips to avoid becoming the victim of Medicare fraud:
- Ignore unsolicited contacts: Do not provide any personal information to someone who calls or approaches you unprompted about Medicare plans.
- Guard your Medicare card: Never provide your Medicare number to anyone other than your doctor’s office. Dishonest agents may claim they need it to verify your plan.
- Verify licensure: Before working with an agent, use your state insurance department's website to confirm they are licensed.
- Watch for "free gifts": Beware of agents offering you free meals or other gifts in exchange for enrolling in a plan.
- Read everything carefully: Don't let anyone rush you into signing anything you don't fully understand related to your Medicare coverage.
Following these precautions can protect you from getting pressured into fraudulent Medicare plans or having your identity stolen.
4. Check Doctor Compatibility
One key factor to research is whether your preferred doctors and hospitals will still be covered under the plan you choose.
Each year, Medicare Advantage and Part D plans renegotiate contracts with healthcare providers. So even if you don't change anything, your existing plan may change its network.
To avoid any surprises, take these steps:
- Call your Medicare plan to ask which healthcare providers will be in-network in 2023.
- If considering a new Medicare Advantage plan, call the doctor's office to confirm they will accept the plan.
- For a Medicare Advantage PPO, check if your out-of-network benefits will change.
- Consider a Medigap policy plus original Medicare if you want flexibility in choosing doctors.
Finding out upfront that your plan no longer covers your doctor for that year gives you the opportunity to select a different plan that includes your preferred providers in its network.
5. Assess Health Needs
Spend time honestly evaluating your personal health needs and how well your current Medicare plan is meeting them. Creating a health profile and discussing it with your doctor can help identify where your existing coverage may be falling short.
Some questions to ask yourself:
- How many times did I visit the doctor's office or hospital in the past year?
- What chronic conditions do I need ongoing treatment for?
- Do I need any orthopedic procedures, infusions, or physical therapy in 2023?
- What prescription medications am I taking and how much do I spend?
- Did I have any problems getting approvals, referrals, or reimbursements from my plan?
- Were any preventive services I need not covered?
Once you have an accurate picture of your health profile and "pain points" with your current plan, you can then look for alternatives that will provide better, more affordable coverage.
Being honest about your anticipated medical needs can prevent you from ending up stuck in a Medicare plan that doesn't adequately cover the care you require.
6. Compare Plans
Armed with knowledge of your doctors, medications, and health needs, you can then use Medicare's Plan Finder tool at Medicare.gov to compare your current Medicare plan to other options.
Medicare Advantage plans vary significantly in their premiums, deductibles, copays, networks, and benefits offered. So be sure to compare them carefully side-by-side.
Key factors to compare:
- Monthly premium cost
- Prescription drug coverage
- Maximum annual out-of-pocket limit
- Dental, vision, hearing coverage
- Fitness benefits
- Transportation benefits
Look closely at the specific copays that apply to services you use frequently, such as:
- Primary doctor visits
- Specialist visits
- Urgent care clinics
- Hospital stays
Also pay close attention to any services that would require prior authorization or have coverage limits.
In addition to Medicare's website, your State Health Insurance Assistance Program (SHIP) provides free Medicare counseling and can help you compare plans.
Thoroughly comparing plans helps identify options likely to provide you with better value and coverage for 2023.
7. Check Plan Ratings
When evaluating a potential new Medicare Advantage or Part D plan, it's wise to look at objective quality and performance ratings for that specific plan.
Medicare assigns star ratings from 1 to 5 stars for both Medicare Advantage and Part D prescription drug plans based on factors like customer service, patient experience, and healthcare quality. Plans with 5 stars are considered excellent.
You can find a plan's star ratings easily on Medicare’s Plan Finder. Sorting by plan rating and focusing on 4 or 5 star plans can help narrow your choices to high-quality options.
Prescription drugs represent a major healthcare expense for many older Americans. The average Medicare beneficiary spends over $2,000 per year just on prescription medications.
During open enrollment, re-evaluating your Medicare Part D drug coverage can help identify opportunities to reduce your medication costs for 2023. Here are some strategies:
- Use preferred pharmacies: Most plans have lower copays at certain “preferred” pharmacies.
- Look for lower tiers: If you take expensive brand medications, check if switching to a plan with lower tiers could reduce your copay.
- Review formulary changes: Make sure all your drugs will still be covered next year to avoid higher costs.
- Use mail order: Opting for a 90-day mail order supply can mean lower copays for an extended supply.
- Check for exclusions: Some plans exclude certain drug categories like inhalers or insulin from the deductible.
- Maximize subsidies: If you qualify for the Part D Low Income Subsidy (also called “Extra Help”), applying will lower your prescription costs.
Also beginning in 2023, the Inflation Reduction Act will finally allow Medicare to negotiate prices directly with drug manufacturers for some medications. This legislation could lead to lower costs for many common drugs covered under Part D plans starting in 2026.
9. Be Proactive for Health
A key benefit of Medicare is that it fully covers a variety of preventive healthcare services to help you stay healthy.
Be sure to take advantage of free offerings like:
- Annual Wellness Visit – Develops a personalized prevention plan with your doctor
- Cardiovascular screenings – Checks blood pressure, cholesterol, and body mass index
- Cancer screenings – Including mammograms, colonoscopies, lung cancer screenings for those at high risk
- Diabetes screenings
- Flu shots and other covered immunizations
- Smoking cessation counseling
- Nutritional therapy for those with diabetes or kidney disease
- Depression screenings
- Being proactive allows you to identify health issues early or prevents problems from developing in the first place.
- Taking full advantage of these no-cost services helps you get the most from your Medicare coverage.
10. Budget for Health Costs
As you evaluate Medicare plans, it's essential to look at the big picture of how healthcare fits into your overall retirement budget.
An often overlooked aspect of retirement planning is budgeting enough for medical costs which tend to rise later in life along with conditions like arthritis, diabetes, and heart disease.
Here are some tips:
- Review your current Medicare statements to project costs for next year.
- Account for deductibles, monthly premiums, and typical copays you pay.
- Factor in dental, hearing, vision, and other uncovered costs.
- Assume a 5-7% annual increase in healthcare costs.
- Consult fee-only advisors to ensure your retirement plan adequately covers projected medical expenses.
Doing a thorough assessment of current and future healthcare costs lets you allocate enough in retirement savings to cover these significant expenses.
Seek Professional Help
Navigating your Medicare options is complicated. Speaking with an independent, objective advisor can prove invaluable in identifying the optimal coverage for your personal situation.
Rather than agents who sell plans, seek out assistance from advisors who take a holistic, fee-only approach and suggest plans simply based on your needs. Some sources to consider:
- Medicare counselors - Your State Health Insurance Assistance Program (SHIP) provides free Medicare counseling and assistance.
- CERTIFIED FINANCIAL PLANNERTM - Fee-only CFPs consider your total financial picture in making Medicare recommendations.
- Resources like NewRetirement Planner - Unbiased tools can compare personalized Medicare options based on your health profile.
Guidance from these experts can provide confidence you’re making the optimal Medicare decisions during open enrollment and beyond.
Approaching Medicare open enrollment as an opportunity to reevaluate your coverage in the context of your current health and retirement finances can lead to better plans and long-term savings.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
1. When does the Medicare open enrollment period take place?
Medicare open enrollment runs from October 15th to December 7th each year for coverage taking effect January 1st of the upcoming year. During this time, you can make changes to your Medicare Advantage and Part D prescription drug plans for the following year.
2. Can I join a Medicare Advantage plan anytime?
No, you can only join a Medicare Advantage plan during the fall open enrollment period each year (a few exceptions apply, like moving residences). Outside of this timeframe, you must keep your current Medicare Advantage or original Medicare coverage until the next open enrollment.
3. Do I have to re-enroll in my current Medicare plan each year?
You do not have to actively re-enroll in your current Medicare Advantage or Part D plan to keep the same coverage for the following year. If you want to make any changes, you must do so during open enrollment. If you take no action, your coverage will automatically renew on January 1st.
4. If I'm happy with my coverage, do I need to do anything during open enrollment?
It's recommended you still review the Annual Notice of Change from your plan to check for any adjustments in costs or coverage for the new year. If the changes seem reasonable, you don't need to actively reenroll and can keep the same plan.
5. When can I leave a Medicare Advantage plan and return to original Medicare?
The Medicare Advantage open enrollment period from January 1 to March 31 each year allows you to drop your Medicare Advantage plan and switch back to original Medicare. You can also make this change during the fall open enrollment period.
6. Are prescriptions covered under original Medicare?
No, original Medicare does not cover most prescription medications. To get drug coverage, you need to enroll in a standalone Medicare Part D prescription drug plan. These plans can be changed each year during Medicare open enrollment.
Medicare Open Enrollment, from October 15th to December 7th annually, is a vital time for retirees to make informed healthcare choices. To ensure you pick the right plan for your needs and budget, review your current plan, beware of scams, check doctor compatibility, assess health needs, compare plans, consider ratings, manage prescription costs, use HSAs if available, prioritize preventive healthcare, budget for future costs, and seek professional guidance.
This decision-making process can profoundly affect your healthcare and finances for the year ahead, so make the most of this opportunity.
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